Ever wondered, "How long do travel nurse assignments last?" Or what the limits are for extending assignments? Check out this guide for all the information you need on travel nurse contract lengths and their implications so you can easily plan your assignments.
- How long are travel nursing assignments?
- How often do travel nurses travel?
- Why would you extend a travel nurse contract?
- How long do traveling nurses stay in one place?
- What happens if you break the travel nurse one year rule?
How Long Do Travel Nurses Stay in One Place?
How long are travel nursing contracts?
The average travel nurse assignment is 13 weeks long. However, there are other travel nurse assignment lengths like eight, four, and even one- to two-week assignments.
There are also longer travel assignments which can last 20 or 26 weeks. Travel nursing assignments' length depends on the facilities' needs, so you may see irregular spans of time as well.
How often do travel nurses travel?
Since a typical 13-week travel contract is about three months, you could technically work four travel nurse contracts in a year.
However, most travel nurses opt to take time off between contracts, and there’s no limit to how long a break you can take in between assignments.
Some travel nurses also choose to extend their assignments, so they could be working at a facility for longer than 13 weeks (or their original designated time span). The ability to adjust what your work year looks like is one of the great things about healthcare travel!
Why would you extend a travel nurse contract?
Extending a travel nurse assignment means you stay at the current facility past its original end date, avoiding the process of applying for a new assignment.
Plus, not every assignment pays the same. So, if you’re making good money at your current assignment, extending may be well worth it in order to help your travel nursing career and save money or pay off debts.
You also may really like the facility you’re at! Maybe you get along well with the staff, you’ve always wanted this type of position, or the hours are perfect for your schedule. These are all great reasons to stay a bit longer.
Or perhaps you’re in love with the location and not ready to leave yet! If you still have items nearby on your travel bucket list or you want to be around for a local event or holiday coming up, extending is a great option.
But how do you extend a travel nurse contract? Extending a travel contract as a temporary employee is typically a simple process as many facilities like to extend travel nursing positions when they still have a need due to a continual nursing shortage and are happy with a traveler.
If you want to extend your travel nursing contract, get in touch with your recruiter at the travel nursing agency about three to weeks before your contract is scheduled to end and express your interest in extending. They’ll reach out to your current facility and work out the details.
How long do traveling nurses stay in one place?
If you’re a travel nurse who receives tax-free stipends, how long you stay in one place matters. This is because your eligibility is based on duplicating your expenses to maintain what the IRS calls a tax home.
If you spend too much time in one place, your tax home, or where you pay taxes, will shift to that location. Location is loosely defined as a “city or general area.”
But how long is too long? Well, the IRS says your assignment in any “general area” cannot be indefinite, which is defined as any assignment that is, “realistically expected to last for more than one year.”
The general rule of thumb is you can’t work in one place for more than 12 months in any given 24-month period. This is also referred to as the travel nurse one year rule or 12-month rule.
What happens if you break the travel nurse one year rule?
If you work in the same location for longer than a year during a 24-month period, you will lose your tax-free stipends, decreasing the money you get to keep in your pocket. This is because if you stay in one place for longer than a year, the IRS will assume you’ve moved there and will tax you on both your permanent location and travel locations.
Additionally, if your tax home shifts, you will have to pay taxes on all the tax-free reimbursements and stipends you received during the time you were in that area. That’s a large, unexpected expense you probably don’t want.
Staying in one place for longer than a year means you will lose your stipends and increase your taxes. You also must make sure the income you make in one location doesn’t make up the majority of your total income to keep your tax benefits and home from changing. These rules can still be a little vague, so here's a breakdown for some situations you may run into as a traveler.
How long can a travel nurse stay at the same hospital?
If you’re following the travel nursing 12-month rule, you cannot work more than 12 months in any rolling 24-month period at the same hospital.
You also need to make sure that no single hospital becomes your main source of income over this time, or you risk the hospital’s city becoming your tax home.
How long can a travel nurse stay in one city?
Again, you cannot work more than 12 months in any 24-month period in the same city. Some travelers think they can work in the same city for longer than 12 months if they change hospitals during that time. This is incorrect: your tax home will still shift to that city. You also still want to ensure that no one city becomes the major source of income over this period.
How long can a travel nurse stay in one area?
This question is a bit more difficult, because the definition of “area” from the IRS is pretty limited.
Let’s say you work at two different hospitals that are 50 miles apart repeatedly over a 24-month period. These hospitals aren’t in the same city or even the same metropolitan area.
However, if you lived in between the two hospitals, your 25-mile commute would be reasonable. You wouldn’t have to stay overnight in either city, meaning you don’t need to duplicate expenses, and your tax home could now shift.
For this reason, it’s good to still follow the 12-month rule for working in the same area (think reasonable commutes) and make sure no area becomes the leading source of your income in this time.
How long can a travel nurse stay in one state?
On the other hand, a travel nurse could stay in one state for longer than the 12-month rule, as long as they moved around to different areas within that state enough that they never spent more than 12 months in any 24-month period in one area.
Remember, you must still be duplicating expenses and cannot have a reasonable commute between your working area and your tax home. Additionally, you still want to ensure your main percentage of income is not coming from the same area in that time.
How long does a travel nurse have to work somewhere else before they can return to the same place?
How long you must leave an area before you can return to work depends on three things:
- How long you have already worked there
- How long you plan to work there when you return
- The percentage of annual income that area will account for
Here's an example: a travel nurse works somewhere for 11 months and then leaves to work in a different area for one month. It might seem like they could immediately return to the first area after that month, but the "one-year rule" refers to working at a single location for 12 months in a two-year period. So that nurse could only work there for one more month before running into this issue.
As a travel nurse, you must continue to move around and ensure the majority of your income is not coming from one location in a 24-month period to maintain your tax home.
At the end of the day, healthcare travelers must move around to different locations on a regular basis to keep their tax home and tax-free stipends. That doesn’t mean you can’t extend a travel nursing assignment that you love, but with all the great travel nurse jobs available, you might have a hard time staying in one place during your travel nursing journey!